IELTS Writing Task 1

How To Write IELTS Writing Task 1

In an IELTS Academic Writing Task 1, A student is given one or more graph(s), A graph can be in the form of a bar chart, Columns, pie chart, table, map, process diagram or flow chart. You will need to create a summary based on the main information provided in the graph. You will also need to compare data, show trends, and describe a process. The minimum word limit for IELTS Writing Task 1 is 150 words, but we always advise our students to write between 150 to 170 words. For writing Task 1, you get a total of 20 minutes to complete your writing task 1. Make sure that you always write accurate/factual data based on the graph/diagram given to you in the test. Even though you think you know the topic, never write it based on common knowledge. Always try to write in a way so that the reader (examiner) of the exam can follow the trends of given information easily.

How to answer IELTS Writing Task 1?

1) Graph Analysis

First of all, you need to check the graph and get an overview that you will describe. Now look for some general trends, key features or changes to get the idea about how you will structure the information.

In the above graph, we can note some of the following trends.

Except for Germany, Car was the most popular type of transport.

There is a big difference between the percentages of people who choose some kind of transport method.

The percentage of people in Germany is almost the same who choose a car and bicycle.

In France, people who choose a motorcycle and bicycle are almost the same.

The least popular type of transportation except the USA was Motorcycle.

Overall, car is the most chosen transport, followed by a bicycle and then the motorcycle is the least chosen transport.

2) Follow structure:

Try and use the following structure while you describe out the graph

How To Write Your IELTS Writing Task 1 Exactly:

In the following passage, we’ll understand how to score exactly 9 in IELTS Academic Writing Task 1.

To get the perfect 9, you should follow the following answer structure.

  1. Introduction
  2. General overview
  3. Specific features

1. Introduction

The very first paragraph that you need to write is Introduction. For writing the introduction you simply need to summarize the information on the topic ( Also make sure that what your graph is representing) This shouldn’t be longer than 2 sentences.

The best possible way to write the introduction to the above graph will be. 

“The line illustrates the recycling rates in the UK, France, and Germany for the year 2005 to 2015 for the regional household”

2. Overview

When writing a general overview, you shouldn’t state any specific detail about the graph, we should simply write about what’s happening in the graph. 

To score a 9, it’s a good thing to write “overall”, before giving an overview. For the graph, it could be done in the following manner.

Overall, recycling rates of the UK and Germany showed a slow and steady yet significant rise over the period, while the percentage of recycled in France has experienced a downward trend.

Basically what you will be saying in the overview is that UK and Germany’s rates are going up, France’s down. It’s very important to give out any overview or your score will go much lower without it.

3. Specific features

After you’re done with the overview, now you need to group the data by features. In this line graph you can group out the data in the following two ways:

Based on Country

Make sure you describe each country’s recycling rates in a separate campaign.

By trends.

As you can see, the UK and Germany have followed a similar trend. Their recycling rates were going up throughout the period while the recycling rates of France have experienced a downfall.

  1. So you can describe the “Increase Pattern” in the first paragraph and the “Decrease Pattern” in the second paragraph.

Here’s an example based on the graph.

In the year 2005, the recycling rates of the UK and Germany were about 35% and 20% respectively. Germany has witnessed a sharp increase throughout the period, surpassing France’s rate in 2009 and reaching almost 60% by the end of the period. In the meantime, the recycled waste percentage in the UK grew to 40% in 2007, and then it remained steady until the year 2009. But during the year 2009-2011, it witnessed a rapid surge to 50% and continued the growth to 60% in 2015.

In early 2005, the recycling rate of France was highest among these 3 countries (50%). However, it declined dramatically to 30% in the year 2013. Then, in 2015 there was a slight growth of 10%, but by the end of the period, France was last on the list.

Also, remember that you should never write a conclusion in Writing task 1 as you’re not giving your opinion, you’re just putting out the data provided in the graph.

And don’t forget that you should never write a conclusion in Writing task 1 as you’re not giving your opinion, you’re just describing the data.

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